Development of Land Cover Classification Model Using AI Based FusionNet Network

Jinseok Park, Seongju Jang, Rokgi Hong, Kyo Suh, Inhong Song
Development of Land Cover Classification Model Using AI Based FusionNet Network. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(19):3171.

Prompt updates of land cover maps are important, as spatial information of land cover is widely used in many areas. However, current manual digitizing methods are time consuming
and labor intensive, hindering rapid updates of land cover maps. The objective of this study was to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) based land cover classification model that allows for
rapid land cover classification from high-resolution remote sensing (HRRS) images. The model comprises of three modules: pre-processing, land cover classification, and post-processing modules.
The pre-processing module separates the HRRS image into multiple aspects by overlapping 75% using the sliding window algorithm. The land cover classification module was developed using the
convolutional neural network (CNN) concept, based the FusionNet network and used to assign a land cover type to the separated HRRS images. Post-processing module determines ultimate land
cover types by summing up the separated land cover result from the land cover classification module. Model training and validation were conducted to evaluate the performance of the developed model. The land cover maps and orthographic images of 547.29 km2 in area from the Jeonnam province in Korea were used to train the model. For model validation, two spatial and temporal different sites, one from Subuk-myeon of Jeonnam province in 2018 and the other from Daseo-myeon of Chungbuk province in 2016, were randomly chosen. The model performed reasonably well, demonstrating overall accuracies of 0.81 and 0.71, and kappa coecients of 0.75 and 0.64, for the respective validation sites. The model performance was better when only considering the agricultural area by showing overall accuracy of 0.83 and kappa coecients of 0.73. It was concluded that the developed model may assist rapid land cover update especially for agricultural areas and incorporation field boundary lineation is suggested as future study to further improve the model accuracy.

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