Evaluation of Carrying Capacity and Sustainability of Jeju Island using Onishi Model

Jinseon Park, Solhee Kim, Yooan Kim, Sewoon Hong, Kyo Suh
Journal of The Korean Society of Rural Planning, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2020, pp. 95-106.

The Onishi model is an objective indicator which can be used to evaluate the relevance of city environmental management in regard to the capacities and processing status of existing urban infrastructure. This study is to analyze the facility carrying capacity and processing status of Jeju Island, a famous tourist site in South Korea. General variables covered by the Onishi model are considered, including water supply, wastewater treatment, waste disposal, and air pollution. Furthermore, the facility carrying capacities for transportation, such as airports and ports, as well as accommodations are assessed as variables pertinent to the characteristics of Jeju island. With the annual number of tourists exceeding that of residents on the island, more facilities for sewage treatment and waste disposal are required. Furthermore, transportation and accommodations used by tourists have already exceeded their capacity. For the future sustainability of Jeju Island, a plan will be needed for adjusting the volume of tourists based on the capacity of each relevant facility.

Key words : Onishi model, Carrying capacity, Sustainability, Jeju, Regional plan