How Government Policy Directions lead Rural Development Projects?

Solhee Kim, Kyo Suh, Jiyoung Park, Seongwoo Lee, Jeongbae Jeon
Journal of the Korean Society of Rural Planning, Vol. 26, No.1, 2020. pp. 123-136.

The paradigm of rural development projects has shifted and expanded from agricultural production based on the way  of improving the residential environments in order to achieve the quality of life staying in rural areas. The purpose of this study is  to evaluate policy directions of rural development projects by investigating government projects conducted successively starting from the Participatory Government of President Roh in 2003 and to the present Government of President Moon. In consideration of administrative affairs, the projects include the Balanced National Development Project, Quality of Life Improvement and Regional Development for Rural Villages Projects. The study examined changes in visions and key agendas proposed in national affairs as well as those in the visions and strategies exhibited by local development project plans through various governments. The core contents examined are the project characteristics, transformation process through government changes, and the law of status pertaining  to rural development projects. The direction of implementation for the rural development projects implemented by each government provide an opportunity of understanding the transformation process in each project that has been still effective currently. This study is expected to provide a basic set of data to be used for a proposal for new rural development projects while still being useful to be referred or integrated to other national and regional projects.

Key words : Rural development project, successive government, national affairs, rural area, quality of life, settlement condition†